ABSTRACT OF THE THESIS
Factors Associated With Rural Out-Migration: A Household Level Study In Kanglung Gewog Trashigang, Bhutan
by Jamyang Choda, Master of Arts in Demography (2011)
The study found that a higher proportion of households in the higher socio-economic status or richer households have higher proportions with recent out-migrants compared to households with medium or poor socio-economic status. Similarly, a higher proportion with recent out-migrants compared to households that do not have relatives in urban areas. Households with recent out-migrants have a larger number of male and female members in ages 15-59 compared to households without recent out-migrants. The parsimonious logistic regression model predicting the odds of a household having recent out-migrants shows that a household in poor socio-economic status is less likely to be a recent out-migrant household compared to a household in higher socio-economic status (rich) controlling for other variables and demographic factors. A household that has higher number of male and female household members age 15-59 is more likely to be a recent out-migrant household compared to a household that has a fewer number of male and female household members age 15-59 controlling for other variables in the model.
Lastly, a household that has relatives in urban areas is more likely to be a recent out-migrant household compared to a household with no relatives in urban areas controlling for other variables in the model. The variables that did not come out significant in the logistic regression are landholding of the household, literacy of the household head and sex of the household head.