Urbanization in the Central and Eastern Visayas

by Macrina Kilaton-Abenoja, Master of Arts in Demography (1975)

Past hierarchy studies have unanimously observed more advanced settlements to be successively fewer than the less developed areas. Available municipal data in two central Philippine regions and employment of scalogram analysis, however, demonstrate that middle ranking municipalities are more predominant than high and low ranking towns. These dissimilarly developed towns spatially interrelate in a manner whereby the relatively underdeveloped towns avail themselves of the more complex services present in the more developed towns but which are wanting in these emerging localities.

The same municipal data display he double orientation of the Philippine migration, as observed by previous researches, in a certain peculiar way. Movements towards the more developed areas predominate migration into the region, while the rural trend is prevalent in cases of movements out of the region.

This study identifies the two Visayan regions as areas of outmigration- a confirmation of previous findings. It also reveals some popular migration-differential findings, like young males tend to be the most mobile segment of the population. It also indicates a divergent manner by which mobility is affected by sex.