On January 18, 2018 at the UPPI Seminar Room, Mr. Michael Dominic C. del Mundo gave a presentation on the relationship between labor migration and fertility in the Philippines.
The lecture comes from Mr. del Mundo’s research paper which he wrote for the European Doctoral School of Demography (EDSD) program in preparation for his Ph.D. fellowship at the University of Southampton in England
Using data from the Philippines 2010 Census of Population, Del Mundo looked into the effects of temporary international labor migration on completed marital fertility. He deployed the theories of disruption and adaptation as framework, the first of which states that spousal separation lowers fertility and the second which avers that labor migrants learn from the fertility practices of their host countries. To take into account issues with endogeneity and observation censoring, a Two Stage Residual Inclusion Censored Poisson model was used. Results revealed that completed fertility has a negative relationship with international labor migration especially for married women having OFW husbands and married women who were OFWs themselves. Exposure to international labor migration reduced fertility by at least 60 percent as compared to women without such exposure.
Del Mundo’s research is relevant since it adds to the sparse literature on the relationship between labor migration and fertility in labor-exporting countries.
Mr. Michael Dominic del Mundo is the newest addition to the faculty of the U.P. Population Institute. He will continue his doctoral studies on Social Statistics and Demography in September 2018.